INS Vikrant : India’s first indigenously-built aircraft carrier

India has undocked its first indigenously-built aircraft carrier INS Vikrant at Cochin Shipyard Limited.

The successful completion of the 40,000 tonne aircraft carrier puts India in the elite group of four nations – the US, Russia, the UK and France – in the world capable of designing and constructing aircraft carriers.
The ship, built at CSL, will undergo a series of fitment and trial processes before it is ready for propulsion and inducted into the Navy.
India’s largest aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant’s induction into the Navy will be done after a series of static and dynamic trials.
The basic design of the indigenous aircraft carrier was done by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design, which was developed into detailed design by the design team of CSL.
The ship has a length of over 260 metres and breadth of 60 metres.
It has two take-off runways and a landing strip with three arrester wires, capable of operating STOBAR aircraft including the indigenous LCA, as well as a range of helicopters with hangar facilities.

Major outfitting work of the ship will be done now.

Later basin trials and extensive sea trials will be undertaken prior to delivery to the Navy, the CSL officials said.
Eventually, fighter aircraft – Mig-29K, Light Combat Aircraft and Kamov-31 helicopters – will deployed on board the carrier which will also carry an array of other weapons systems.
INS Vikrant has the capacity to carry 36 fighter planes.

The flight deck of IAC will have the capacity to hold 19 aircraft and the hangar inside will have room for 17 fighters.

The time interval between the take-offs of two fighters from the ship can be as low as three minutes and can be reduced to less than two minutes, naval officials have said in the past.
Nearly 90% of INS Vikrant’s hull has been built indigenously with DRDO and SAIL supplying high quality steel.

According to the Indian Navy, the ship’s ability to sense and control a large air space around it will be enabled by modern C/D band Early Air Warning Radar, V/UHF Tactical Air Navigational and Direction Finding systems, jamming capabilities over the expected Electro Magnetic (EM) environment and Carrier Control Approach Radars to aid air operations.

Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LR SAM) systems with Multi-Function Radar (MFR) and Close- In Weapon System (CIWS) will form the protective suite of the ship.

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